Pagina 30 - Ti Spa Environmental Report

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Biochemical Oxygen Demand 5 (BOD5)
Biochemical oxygen demand refers to the amount of dissolved oxygen consumed in 5 days by
aerobic biological organisms in a body of water in order to break down organic material present in
a given water sample at a certain temperature.
BRC/IoP Standard
BRC/IoP Standard refers to the Hygiene Management System. It has been defined after extensive
consultations between the British Retail Consortium (BRC), the Institute of Packaging (IoP), packaging
suppliers, food manufacturers and third party certification bodies. It includes binding standards for
suppliers of food packaging materials for primary food packaging.
BS OHSAS 18001:2007
It is a British Standard for Occupational Health and Safety Management systems. Its aim is to
help all kinds of organizations to put in place demonstrably sound occupational health and safety
Carbon Footprint of a Product (CFP)
It is the sum of greenhouse gas emissions directly and indirectly related to the entire life cycle of a
It is based on a LCA methodology and it is normally expressed as quantity of CO
Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD)
Chemical Oxygen Demand is the standard method for indirect measurement of the amount of
pollution (that cannot be oxidized biologically) in a sample of water. It follows a procedure based
on the chemical decomposition of organic and inorganic contaminants, dissolved or suspended
in water. The resulting data indicate the amount of water-dissolved oxygen (expressed as parts
per million or milligrams per liter of water) consumed by the contaminants, during two hours of
decomposition from a solution of boiling potassium dichromate. The higher the chemical oxygen
demand, the higher the amount of pollution in the test sample.
Greenhouse gases (GHG)
Greenhouse gases, of both natural and anthropogenic origin, are part of the atmosphere and their
increasing concentration is responsible for the anthropogenic climate change. The GHGs include
carbon dioxide (CO
), methane (CH
), nitrous oxide (N
O), hydro fluorocarbons (HFC - a class of
several gases), per-fluorocarbons (PFC - a class of several gases) and sulphur hexafluoride (SF
ISO 9001:2008
ISO 9001:2008 sets out the criteria for a quality management system and is the only standard in the
family that can be verified through internal audits. Following this procedure, an organization checks
how its quality management system is working and may decide to invite an independent third part