Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points Method (HACCP Method)
The Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points System identifies, evaluates and controls hazards
which might result in consumers receiving harmful food products.
ISO 9001:2008 sets out the criteria for a quality management system and is the only standard in the
family that can be verified through internal audits. Following this procedure, an organization checks
how its quality management system is working and may decide to invite an independent third part body
to certify that it is in conformity to the standard.
ISO 14001:2004 specifies the requirements for an environmental management system to enable
an organization to develop and implement a policy and objectives which take into account legal
requirements and other requirements to which the organization subscribes, and information about
significant environmental aspects. It applies to those environmental aspects that the organization
identifies as those which it can control and those which it can influence. It does not itself state specific
environmental performance criteria. As ISO 9001:2008 it may be certified by an independent third
Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)
Life Cycle Assessment is an examination of the environmental performance of products and
services throughout all phases of their lifecycle: from the extraction of raw materials, to manufacturing,
transportation and distribution phases, carrying on with use, re-use, maintenances stages and finally
focussing on recycling and disposal. The methodology is based on the ISO 14040 series. Even if it
analyses several phases, it usually does not include social impacts.
Tonne (s) of oil equivalent (TOE)
Tonne(s) of oil equivalent is a normalized unit of energy. By convention it is equivalent to the
approximate amount of energy that can be extracted from one tonne of crude oil. It is a standardized
unit, assigned a net calorific value of 41 868 kilojoules/kg and may be used to compare the energy from