Biochemical Oxygen Demand 5 (BOD 5)
Biochemical oxygen demand refers to the amount of dissolved oxygen consumed in 5 days by aerobic
biological organisms in a body of water in order to break down organic material present in a given water
sample at a certain temperature.
BRC/IoP Standard refers to the Hygiene Management System. It has been defined after extensive
consultations between the British Retail Consortium (BRC), the Institute of Packaging (IoP), packaging
suppliers, food manufacturers and third party certification bodies. It includes binding standards for
suppliers of food packaging materials for primary food packaging.
BS OHSAS 18001:2007
It is a British Standard for Occupational Health and Safety Management systems. Its aim is to
help all kinds of organizations to put in place demonstrably sound occupational health and safety
Carbon Footprint of a Product (CFP)
It is the sum of greenhouse gas emissions directly and indirectly related to the entire life cycle of
a product. It is based on a LCA methodology and it is normally expressed as quantity of CO
Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD)
Chemical Oxygen Demand is the standard method for indirect measurement of the amount of pollution
(that cannot be oxidized biologically) in a sample of water. It follows a procedure based on the chemical
decomposition of organic and inorganic contaminants, dissolved or suspended in water. The resulting
data indicate the amount of water-dissolved oxygen (expressed as parts per million or milligrams per
liter of water) consumed by the contaminants, during two hours of decomposition from a solution of
boiling potassium dichromate. The higher the chemical oxygen demand, the higher the amount
of pollution in the test sample.